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文莱国家概况

Brunei Darussalam

发表时间:2014-02-23    来源:不详    浏览次数:3316
 
    国名 文莱达鲁萨兰国(Brunei Darussalam)。
    面积 5765平方公里。
    人口40.6万(2009年)。其中马来人占66.4%,华人占11%,其他种族占22.6%。马来语为国语,通用英语,华语使用较广泛。
    首都 斯里巴加湾市(Bandar Seri Begawan),位于文莱-穆阿拉区,面积15.8平方公里,人口约6万。原称文莱市,从十七世纪起即成为文莱首都,1970年10月4日改为现名。
    简况 位于加里曼丹岛西北部,北濒南中国海,东南西三面与马来西亚的沙捞越州接壤,并被沙捞越州的林梦分隔为不相连的东西两部分。海岸线长约162公里,有33个岛屿,沿海为平原,内地多山地。属热带雨林气候,终年炎热多雨。年均气温28°C。
    资源 文莱已探明原油储量为14亿桶,天然气储量为3900亿立方米。有11个森林保护区,面积为2277平方公里,占国土面积的39%,86%的森林保护区为原始森林。
    历史文化 文莱于1984年1月1日获得完全独立。伊斯兰教为国教,其他还有佛教、基督教、道教等。文莱文化以马来文化为主,伊斯兰教文化也深刻影响着文莱。文莱的文化主要被四种文化所影响:万物有灵论、 印度教、伊斯兰教和西方文化。伊斯兰教在文莱有非常强的影响力,被视为文莱的意识形态和哲学的基础。
    旅游景点 努洛阿曼皇宫。在这个君主制国家中,皇宫自然是最庄严和至高无上的地方。文莱的皇宫是世界最大的皇宫,也是文莱苏丹的住所。
    据当地人介绍说,努洛阿曼皇宫里,有1700多个房间,是国宴之地。欲参观皇宫则要在国庆日前往,或在斋戒日月要结束后的开斋节前往,此时大门洞开三天,游客还可以趁此机会排队进去和苏丹握手。
    博而基亚清真寺文莱最大的皇家清真寺,是文莱第29任苏丹于上世纪90年代建造的,大清真寺屋顶共有29个圆拱金顶,由45公斤黄金做成。
 
Country’s name: Brunei Darussalam
 
Area: 5765 square kilometers
 
Population: 406,000(in 2009). It is including 66.4% Malays, 11% ethnic Chinese and the rest of which is 22.6%. The national language is Malay.English and Chinese are widely used.
 
Capital City: Bandar Seri Begawan is located in Brunei-Muara. The area is 15.8 square kilomiters and the population is 60,000. Bandar Seri Begawan bacame the capital city of Brunei Darussalam since 17th century.
 
Profiles: Brunei Darussalam is located in the northwest of Kalimantan, face South China Sea on the north, and the rest borders Sarawak, Malaysia. It is sepertated by Sarawak into two parts. The length of coastline is about 162 k.m. and there are 33 islands belongs to Brunei Darussalam. Plain stands alone the coast and hilly area stands on inland. The climate is tropical rainy, hot and rainy for whole year. Annual tempreture is 28℃.
 
Resources: The proven reserves of Brunei are 1.4 billion barrels of crude oil, natural gas reserves is 390 billion cubic meters.It has 11 forest reserves, covers an area of 2277 square kilometers, which covers 39% of the total land area, 86% of the forest reserves are  primeval forest.
 
History and culture: On January 1st, 1984. Brunri got fully independent.The state religion is Islam, and it also has Buddhism, Chirstianism and Taoism.The culture of Brunei is predominantly Malay, with heavy influences from Islam. Influences to Bruneian culture come from the Malay cultures of theMalay Archipelago. Four periods of cultural influence have occurred, animist, Hindu, Islamic, and Western. Islam had a very strong influence, and was adopted as Brunei's ideology and philosophy.
 
Tourist attractions: Istana Nurul Iman The palace is the most solemn and supreme place in the monarchy country. Brunei has the largest palace in the world, and this palace is the residence of sultan of Brunei.According to locals,Istana Nurul Iman has more than 1,700 rooms. National day and Hari Raya are able to visit the palace and my have opportunity to shake hands with sultan.
 
Jame Asr Hassanal Bolkiah: is the largest royal mosque in brunei, built in the 1990's, this great mosque has 29 gold domes, and its made from 45 kg of gold.
 
 
 
 
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