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柬埔寨国家概况

Kingdom of Cambodia

发表时间:2014-02-23    来源:不详    浏览次数:2739
 
    国名 柬埔寨王国(Kingdom of Cambodia)。
    面积 181035平方公里。
    人口 1440万。有20多个民族,高棉族是主体民族,占总人口的80%,少数民族有占族、普农族、老族、泰族、斯丁族等。高棉语为通用语言,与英语、法语同为官方语言。华人、华侨约70万。
    首都 金边(Phnom Penh),人口约150万。
    简况 位于中南半岛南部。东部和东南部同越南接壤,北部与老挝交界,西部和西北部与泰国毗邻,西南濒临暹罗湾。海岸线长约460公里。属热带季风气候,年均气温为24℃。
    资源 矿藏主要有金、磷酸盐、宝石和石油,还有少量铁、煤。林业、渔业、果木资源丰富。盛产贵重的柚木、铁木、紫檀、黑檀等热带林木,并有多种竹类。森林主要分布在东、北和西部山区。木材储量约11亿多立方米。
    历史文化 1993年,西哈努克国王复位,君主立宪制的柬埔寨王国建立。佛教为国教,93%以上的居民信奉佛教,占族信奉伊斯兰教,少数城市居民信奉天主教。多种因素影响着柬埔寨的文化:小乘佛教、印度教、法国殖民主义、吴哥文化和现代全球文化。柬埔寨的农民穿着传统的Karma围巾,这是柬埔寨服饰中最独特的地方。Thesampeah是柬埔寨传统的问候或尊重别人的一种方式。经过多年与老挝和泰国的文化交流,柬埔寨发展和弘扬了自己独特的高棉文化,拥有独特的舞蹈风格,建筑和雕塑。
    旅游景点 吴哥窟(“吴哥”意思是“城市”,窟“寺庙”),它是吴哥古迹中,保存得最完好的的庙宇,以建筑宏伟与浮雕细致闻名于世,是世界上最大的庙宇。也是一座巨大的水上都市。上百座寺庙和建筑展现了吴哥时代的高棉建筑的精髓。

 

Country’s name: Kingdom of Cambodia
 
Area: 181035 square kilometers
 
Population: 14.4 million. More than 20 nations,the majority of nation is Khmer people, about 80% of the population. Khmer is the general language, and English, French are the official language.Chinese people and overseas Chinese are around 700,000.
 
Capital city: Phnom Penh, the population is about 1.5 million.
 
Profiles: Located in the southern Indochina.The east and southeast border with Vietnam, border with Laos on the north, in western and northwestern is adjacent to Thailand, and southwest is near to the gulf of Siam .The length of coastline is about 460 km. Tropical monsoon climate and annual average temperature is 24 ℃.
 
Resources: Mineral deposits are mainly gold, phosphate, gems and oil, and a small amount of iron, coal.Forestry, fisheries, rich fruit tree resources.Is rich in valuable teak, iron wood, red sandalwood, ebony and other tropical trees, there are also many types of bamboo.Forests are mainly distributed in the east, north and west mountains.Timber reserves is about 1.1 billion cubic meters.
 
History and culture: In 1993, Norodom Sihanouk was restored as King of Cambodia,and Kingdom of Cambodia with constitutional monarchy. Various factors contribute to the Cambodian culture including Theravada Buddhism,Hinduism, French colonialism, Angkorian culture, and modern globalization. Rural Cambodians wear a krama scarf which is a unique aspect of Cambodian clothing. Thesampeah is a traditional Cambodian greeting or a way of showing respect to others. Khmer culture, as developed and spread by the Khmer empire, has distinctive styles of dance, architecture and sculpture, which have been exchanged with neighbouring Laos and Thailandthroughout history.
 
Tourist attractions: Angkor Wat (Angkor means "city" and Wat "temple") is the best preserved example of Khmer architecture from the Angkorian era along with hundreds of other temples that have been discovered in and around the region.
 
 
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