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印度尼西亚国家概况

REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

发表时间:2014-02-23    来源:不详    浏览次数:3096
 
    国名 印度尼西亚共和国(REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA)
    面积 陆地面积1,904,443平方公里,海洋面积3,166,163平方公里(不包括专属经济区)。
    人口 2.376亿(2010年),世界第四人口大国。有100多个民族,其中爪哇族人口占45%,巽他族14%,马都拉族7.5%,马来族7.5%,其他26%。民族语言共有200多种,官方语言为印尼语。
    首都 雅加达(JAKARTA),人口958.8万(资料来源:2010年印尼统计年鉴)。
    简况 位于亚洲东南部,地跨赤道。与巴布亚新几内亚、东帝汶、马来西亚接壤;与泰国、新加坡、菲律宾、澳大利亚等国隔海相望。是世界上最大的群岛国家,由太平洋和印度洋之间17,504个大小岛屿组成,其中约6000个有人居住。海岸线长54,716公里(世界银行数据)。热带雨林气候,年均气温 25-27 ℃。
    资源 富含石油、天然气以及煤、锡、铝矾土、镍、铜、金、银等矿产资源。矿业在印尼经济中占有重要地位,产值占GDP的10%左右。据印尼官方统计,印尼石油储量97亿桶(13.1亿吨),天然气储量4.8-5.1万亿立方米,煤炭已探明储量193亿吨,潜在储量可达900亿吨以上。2011年日产原油89.8万桶。
    历史文化  1945年8月17日,苏加洛总统宣布印尼独立。约87%的人口信奉伊斯兰教,是世界上穆斯林人口最多的国家。6.1%的人口信奉基督教,3.6%信奉天主教,其余信奉印度教、佛教和原始拜物教等。印尼约有300个民族,每一个民族的独特文化都经过好几个世纪的发展。印尼的文化受到印度,阿拉伯,中国和欧洲文化的影响。例如,传统的爪哇和巴厘岛的舞蹈就包含的印度教的文化和神话。纺织品如Batik,Ikat,ulos, songket,在印尼不同的地区表现出不同的风格。影响印尼建筑风格的主要是是印度风格。然而,中国、阿拉伯和欧洲建筑风格对印尼的影响也很大。
    旅游景点  巴厘是印度尼西亚著名的旅游区。该岛由于地处热带,且受海洋的影响,气候温和多雨,土壤十分肥沃,四季绿水青山,万花烂漫,林木参天。巴厘人生性爱花,处处用花来装饰,因此,该岛有“花之岛”之称,并享有“南海乐园”、“神仙岛”的美誉。巴厘岛居民每年举行的宗教节日近200个,每逢节日,歌舞杂陈。由于巴厘岛万种风情,景物甚为绮丽。因此,它还享有多种别称,如“神明之岛”、“恶魔之岛”、“罗曼斯岛”、“绮丽之岛”、“天堂之岛”、“魔幻之岛”等
    婆罗浮屠是建于公元9世纪的大乘佛教寺庙,位于印度尼西亚爪哇岛中部。整个寺庙共九层,下面六层是正方形,上面三层是圆形,装饰着2672块浮雕和504座佛像。最大的穹顶位于最上面的一层,72座佛像坐在一个穿孔佛塔上。它是世界上最大的佛教寺庙,也是世界上最伟大的佛教古迹之一。
 
Country’s name: REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
 
Area: Land area is 1904443 square kilometers, sea area is 3166163 square kilometers (not including the exclusive economic zone)
 
Population: 237.6 million (2010), the world's fourth most populous country.There are more than 100 nations, including 45% Javanese, 14% Sudanese, 7.5% Madurese, 7.5% Malays and other is 26%. There are more than 200 national languages, the official language is bahasa Indonesian.
 
Profiles: Located in southeast Asia, across the equator.Border with Papua New Guinea, East timor and Malaysia; Face to Thailand, Singapore, the Philippines, Australia by sea. Indonesia is the largest islands nation in the world, there are 17504 islands stands in between the Pacific and Indian Ocean, of which about 6000 islands have to people live.The coastline is 54716 kilometers long. Tropical rainforest climate, annual average temperature is 25 to 27 ℃.
 
Resources: Rich in oil, natural gas and coal, tin, bauxite, nickel, copper, gold, silver and other mineral resources.Mining occupies an important position in Indonesian economy, the output value accounts for around 10% of GDP.According to official statistics, oil reserves is 9.7 billion barrels(1.31 billion tons), 4.8 5.1 trillion cubic meters of natural gas reserves, proven reserves of coal is 19.3 billion tons, and potential reserves may reaches 90 billion tons.
 
History and culture: In Auguest 17th, 1945. President Sukarno declare the independence of Indonesia. About 87% of the population believes in Islam, is the world's most populous Muslim nation.6.1% of the population is Christian, 3.6% of population is Catholic, the rest of the them are Hindu, Buddhist and fetishism, etc.Indonesia has about 300 ethnic groups, each with cultural identities developed over centuries, and influenced by Indian, Arabic, Chinese, and European sources. Traditional Javanese and Balinese dances, for example, contain aspects of Hindu culture and mythology. Textiles such as batik, ikat, ulos and songket are created across Indonesia in styles that vary by region. The most dominant influences on Indonesian architecture have traditionally been Indian; however, Chinese, Arab, and European architectural influences have been significant.
 
Tourist attractions: Bali is a famous tourist area in Indonesia.The weather is warm and rainy due to the island is located in the tropical and influenced by ocean,soil is also very fertile. There has green water and mountains, million of flowers and towering trees.Balinese born to lve flowers,decorated with flowers everywhere, therefore, the island is called "flower island", and enjoy "the south sea paradise", "fairy island" reputation.Bali residents held nearly 200 religious festival each year.Due to the beauty of Bal, it enjoys a variety of nicknames, such as "island of the gods", "devil island", "romance island", "beautiful island", "paradise island", "magic island", etc
 
Borobudur is a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist Temple in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. The monument consists of six square platforms topped by three circular platforms and is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues.A main dome, located at the center of the top platform, is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues seated inside a perforated stupa. It is the world’s largest Buddhist temple, as well as one of the greatest Buddhist monuments in the world.
 
 
 
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