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马来西亚国家概况

Malaysia Profile

发表时间:2014-02-23    来源:不详    浏览次数:3249
 
    国名 马来西亚(Malaysia)。
    面积 330257平方公里。
    人口 2833万(马统计局2010年)。其中马来人67.4%,华人24.6%,印度人7.3%,其他种族0.7%。
    首都 吉隆坡(Kuala Lumpur),人口约167.4万(2011年7月,马统计局)。
    简况 位于东南亚,国土被南中国海分隔成东、西两部分。西马位于马来半岛南部,北与泰国接壤,南与新加坡隔柔佛海峡相望,东临南中国海,西濒马六甲海峡。东马位于加里曼丹岛北部,与印尼、菲律宾、文莱相邻。属热带雨林气候。内地山区年均气温22-28℃,沿海平原为25-30℃。
    资源 自然资源丰富。橡胶、棕油和胡椒的产量和出口量居世界前列。是世界产锡大国。石油储量丰富,此外还有铁、金、钨、煤、铝土、锰等矿产。
    历史文化 1963年9月16日,马来西亚于正式诞生,由马来亚英国海外领地新加坡沙巴、与砂拉越合组马来西亚,是一个由马来族、华族、印度族及东马原住民族等多元民族共同建立的国家
    马来西亚的官方语言称为马来西亚语,一种标准化的马来语。英语在过去较长的一段时间,曾经是实际上的官方语言,在1969年种族骚乱后,马来语成为主要语言。在马来西亚社会的许多领域,英语依然是一种活跃的第二语言。根据2000年人口和房屋普查的数据,约64%的人口奉行伊斯兰教
    旅游景点 沙巴州西半部普遍是多山地区,包含马来西亚三座最高的山峰。最突出的山脉是克罗克山脉,其中有几座山峰,高度从大约1000米到4000米。最高峰京那巴鲁山有4095米,是东南亚的最高山峰。沙巴的丛林拥有多样化的植物和动物物种。在2000年,京那巴鲁国家公园由于其丰富的植物多样性,再加上其独特的地质、地形和气候条件,列入世界遗产
    马六甲:全州境内低丘浅阜,多橡胶林;海滨椰林遍布,渔村绵延不绝;各地普遍存在着历史久远的混合农业,出产咖啡、硕莪(即西谷,棕榈科植物,茎干中有淀粉)、棕油、胡椒和各种水果。水产品和工艺品久负盛名。
 
Country Name: Mylaysia
 
Area: 330,257 sq.km.
 
Population: 28.33 million (2010). Malays—67.4%, ethic Chinese—24.6%, Indian—7.3%, 0.7% of which are other nationalities.
 
Capital: Kuala Lumpur, with a population of 1.67 million (July, 2011)
 
Profiles: Malaysia is located in Southeast Asia; the land of Malaysia is divided into to two parts. The west Malaysia lies in the south Malaya, borders on Thailand on the north, Singapore is on the south side across the Johore Strait, The country also has maritime boundaries with Vietnam and the Philippines. The land borders are defined in large part by geological features such as the Perlis River, the Golok River and the Pagalayan Canal, whilst some of the maritime boundaries are the subject of ongoing contention. Malaysia has a tropical climate with the annual average temperature 22-28℃ (inland) and25-30℃ (coastal area).
 
Resources: The output and export of rubber, palm oil, and pepper of Malaysia are on the top of the world. Tin and petroleum resource is very abundant. In addition, Malaysia has the resources of iron, gold, tungsten, coal, alumina, manganese and so forth.
 
History and Culture: Malaysia is officially founded in September 16th, 1963, which comprises Malaya, Overseas Territory of Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak, a country which consists of ethic Malays, ethic Chinese, ethic Indian and east Malaysia aborigines.
 
Malaysia has a multi-ethnic, multicultural, and multilingual society. The original culture of the area stemmed from indigenous tribes that inhabited it, along with the Malays who later moved there. Substantial influence exists from Chinese and Indian culture, dating back to when foreign trade began. Other cultural influences include the PersianArabic, and British cultures. Due to the structure of the government, coupled with the social contract theory, there has been minimal cultural assimilation of ethnic minorities. According to the population census of 2000, about 64% people believe in Islam.
 
Tourist attractions: Sabah has the three highest mountains of Malaysia, from 1000m to 4000m (Crocker Range). The peak of Mount Kinabalu is the highest peak of Southeast Asia with a height of 4095m. Sabah has various plants and animals. Because of its diversified plants and its unique geology, topography and climate condition, the Kinabalu National Park is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
 
Malacca Strait has many rubber woodlands, fishing villages and coconut groves spread all over the shores. Old mixed farming exist many different places, which produce coffee, sago, palm oil, pepper and various fruits. Aquatic productions and artwares are very popular.
 
 
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