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缅甸国家概况

Myanmar Profile

发表时间:2014-02-23    来源:不详    浏览次数:3059
 
    国名 缅甸联邦共和国(the Republic of the Union of Myanmar)。
    面积 676578平方公里。
    人口 约6112万(2012年),共有135个民族,主要有缅族、克伦族、掸族、克钦族、钦族、克耶族、孟族和若开族等,缅族约占总人口的65%。各少数民族均有自己的语言,其中克钦、克伦、掸和孟等族有文字。华人华侨约250万。全国85%以上的人信奉佛教,约8%的人信奉伊斯兰教。
    首都 内比都(Nay Pyi Taw),人口约92万。
  
    位于中南半岛西部。东北与中国毗邻,西北与印度、孟加拉国相接,东南与老挝、泰国交界,西南濒临孟加拉湾和安达曼海。海岸线长3200公里。属热带季风气候,年平均气温27℃。
    资源 缅甸产有红宝石、蓝宝石、珍珠、翡翠多种珍贵宝石和珠宝,其中红宝石占的比例最大; 90%的红宝石都是由缅甸产出的, 其色彩和纯度都受到外界的好评。泰国每年对其宝石都有大量的进口。缅甸的抹谷山谷被称为“宝石之谷”,位于曼德勒城的北方的约200公里处,因其有的鸽血红宝石和天蓝宝石而闻名。
    历史文化 1948年1月4日:缅甸脱离英国六十多年的的殖民统治,正式宣布成立缅甸联邦共和国,苏瑞泰为首任缅甸总统。2005年11月7日:缅甸政府宣布首都由仰光迁都至内比都2010年10月21日:缅甸正式启用新宪法确定的新国旗新国徽。并把国名由缅甸联邦改为缅甸联邦共和国。
    古文化在宗教、文学和政治制度等方面,深受印度文化影响。以蒲甘王朝为代表,建于十一世纪初,以蒲甘为首都。雕刻及绘画艺术相当发达;并且以自创的缅甸文取代巴利文梵文,并成为经书的正式文字。
    旅游景点 茵莱湖:茵莱湖也许是缅甸最富盛名的美景了。此湖泊坐落在掸邦,与泰国老挝相邻,它是缅甸海拔高度最高的湖泊,约为900米。约有30多个部族的人居住在其周围的山区里。
蒲甘缅甸历史古城、佛教文化遗址、著名旅游胜地蒲甘,位于国境中部,坐落在伊洛瓦底河中游左岸,市区保留着缅甸各个历史时期建造的众多的佛塔、佛寺,城市佛塔佛寺建筑艺术是缅甸古老建筑艺术的缩影,体现了缅甸劳动人民的智慧和创造力,成为缅甸珍贵的历史文化遗产。
 
Country Name: The Republic of the Union of Myanmar
 
Area: 676,578 sq.km.
 
Population: 61.12 million (2012), there are 135 nationalities in Myanmar, 65% of which are Bamar. Each minority has its own languages, Kachin, Karen, Shan and Mon have their own characters. 2.5 million ethic Chinese live in the country. 85% of the population believe in Buddhism and 8% believe in Islam.
 
Capital: Nay Pyi Taw, with a population of 920,000.
 
Profiles: Myanmar is located in the west of Indo-China Peninsula. It is bordered on the northwest by the Chittagong Division of Bangladesh and the MizoramManipurNagaland and Arunachal Pradesh states of India. Its north and northeast border straddles the Tibet Autonomous Region and Yunnan province for a Sino-Burman border total of 2,185 km (1,358 mi). It is bounded by Laos and Thailand to the southeast. It has a tropical climate, with the annual average temperature of 27℃.
 
Resources: Myanmar produces precious stones such as rubiessapphirespearls, and jade. Rubies are the biggest earner; 90% of the world's rubies come from the country, whose red stones are prized for their purity and hue. Thailand buys the majority of the country's gems. Myanmar 's "Valley of Rubies", the mountainous Mogok area, 200 km north of Mandalay, is noted for its rare pigeon's blood rubies and blue sapphires.
 
History and Culture: The Republic of the Union of Myanmar is officially founded on Jan. 14th, 1948. On Nov. 7th, 2005, the government of Myanmar declare that the capital is officially moved from Yangon to Nay Pyi Taw. On Oct. 21st, 2010, Myanmar officially adopted the new national flag and national emblem, and changed the name of the country from the Union of Myanmar to The Republic of the Union of Myanmar.
 
Myanmar’s old culture is deeply influenced by the India in religion, literature and politics. Pagan dynasty is the representative which is established in eleventh century. The art of engraving and painting are very flourishing. The Burmese is the official characters of their scriptures, and is created by their own.
 
Tourist attractions: Inle lake is probably the most magical place of Myanmar. This vast lake is located in the heart of Shan State which shares borders with Thai & Laos; it's one of the hightest lakes of Myanmar at an altitude of 900 metres above sea level. More than 30 hill tribes are living in the mountains.
 
Pagan, the time-honored ancient city, Buddhist cultural relics, is located in the middle of the country, on the bank of the Irrawaddy River. The urban area still keeps the pagodas and temples, which are the miniature of the Myanmar’s architectures. They embody the intelligence and creative power and become the precious historical and cultural heritage.
 

 

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