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菲律宾国家概况

Republic of the Philippines

发表时间:2014-02-23    来源:不详    浏览次数:3065
 
    国名 菲律宾共和国(Republic of the Philippines)。
    面积 29.97万平方公里。
    人口 9580万(2010年)。马来族占全国人口的85%以上,包括他加禄人、伊洛戈人、邦班牙人、维萨亚人和比科尔人等;少数民族及外来后裔有华人、阿拉伯人、印度人、西班牙人和美国人;还有为数不多的原住民。有70多种语言。国语是以他加禄语为基础的菲律宾语,英语为官方语言。国民约85%信奉天主教,4.9%信奉伊斯兰教,少数人信奉独立教和基督教新教,华人多信奉佛教,原住民多信奉原始宗教。
    首都 大马尼拉市(Metro Manila),人口1186万(2010年5月)。年均气温28℃。
    简况 位于亚洲东南部。北隔巴士海峡与中国台湾省遥遥相对,南和西南隔苏拉威西海、巴拉巴克海峡与印度尼西亚、马来西亚相望,西濒南中国海,东临太平洋。共有大小岛屿7000多个,其中吕宋岛、棉兰老岛、萨马岛等11个主要岛屿占全国总面积的96%。海岸线长约18533公里。属季风型热带雨林气候,高温多雨,湿度大,台风多。年均气温27℃,年降水量2000-3000毫米。
    资源 矿藏主要有铜、金、银、铁、铬、镍等20余种。铜蕴藏量约48亿吨、镍10.9亿吨、金1.36亿吨。地热资源丰富,预计有20.9亿桶原油标准能源。巴拉望岛西北部海域有石油储量约3.5亿桶。
    历史文化 1946年7月4日,菲律宾共和国(第三共和)完全独立。现有80余种语言在境内使用。自古以来有许多移民迁居于菲律宾,各种东西方文化在此交汇,包括马来西亚、印度尼西亚、西班牙、荷兰、中国、墨西哥和美国。
    马荣火山(Mayon Volcano)是位于菲律宾 吕宋岛东南部的活火山,它那近乎完美的圆锥形山体,号称“最完美的圆锥体”, (是世界上轮廓最完整的火山),日本富士山仅次于它,经常被人拿来和日本的富士山相媲美,是菲律宾著名的旅游景点。
 
Country Name: Republic of the Philippines
 
Aera: 299700 square kilometers
 
Population: 95.8 million (2010). Malay accounted for more than 85% of the population, including Tagalog people, Irrawaddy people Pradesh Spanish people, Visayas and the Bicol, etc.; minority and foreign descent are Chinese, Arabs, India there are few indigenous;, Spaniards and Americans. There are 70 languages. Mandarin is the Tagalog-based Filipino, English is the official language. Citizens about 85% Catholic, 4.9% Muslim, and few people believe an independent Protestant religion, the Chinese multi-Buddhist, Native believe in primitive religion.
 
Capital: Metro Manila, population 11,860,000 (May 2010). Average annual temperature of 28 ℃.
 
Profiles: Located in southeast Asia. North across the Bashi Channel and Taiwan Province of China distant relative, south-west across the Sulawesi Sea, Balabac Strait and Indonesia, Malaysia sea, west South China Sea, east of the Pacific Ocean. There are more than 7,000 islands, of which Luzon, Mindanao, Samar and other 11 main islands accounted for 96% of the country's total area. Coastline of about 18,533 km. Is a monsoon tropical climate, hot and rainy, high humidity, typhoon. Average annual temperature of 27 ℃, annual precipitation 2000-3000 mm.
 
Resources: There are more than 20 kinds of mineral deposits of copper, gold, silver, iron, chromium and nickel. Reserves of approximately 4.8 billion tons of copper, nickel and 1.09 billion tons, 136 million tons of gold. Abundant geothermal resources, is expected to have 20.9 billion barrels of crude oil a standard energy. Waters northwest of Palawan has about 3.5 billion barrels of oil reserves.
 
History and culture: July 4, 1946, the Republic of the Philippines (Third Republic) completely independent. Has more than 80 languages ​​in the territory to use. Since ancient times, there are many immigrants moved to the Philippines, a variety of Eastern and Western cultures in this intersection, including Malaysia, Indonesia, Spain, the Netherlands, China, Mexico and the United States.
 
Tourist attractions: Tubbataha Reef is located in the Sulu Sea in the Philippines a coral atoll. Philippines set Tubbataha Reef National Marine Park as a marine protected area. In the New Seven Wonders of the World Wildlife campaign, Tubbataha Reef was nominated.
Mayon volcano is located in the southeastern Luzon, Philippines volcano, it was almost perfect conical mountain, known as "the most perfect cone" (the world's most complete outline of the volcano), Mount Fuji in Japan behind it, has often been used and comparable to Japan's Mount Fuji, the Philippines famous tourist attractions.
 
 
 
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