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新加坡国家概况

Republic of Singapore

发表时间:2014-02-23    来源:不详    浏览次数:1804
 
    国名 新加坡共和国(Republic of Singapore)。
    面积 714.3平方公里(2011年)。
    人口 公民和永久居民378.9万,常住人口518万(2011年)。华人占75%左右,其余为马来人、印度人和其他种族。马来语为国语,英语、华语、马来语、泰米尔语为官方语言,英语为行政用语。主要宗教为佛教、道教、伊斯兰教、基督教和印度教。
    首都 新加坡(Singapore)。
    简况 热带城市国家。位于马来半岛南端、马六甲海峡出入口,北隔柔佛海峡与马来西亚相邻,南隔新加坡海峡与印度尼西亚相望。由新加坡岛及附近63个小岛组成,其中新加坡岛占全国面积的88.5%。地势低平,平均海拔15米,最高海拔163米,海岸线长193公里。属热带海洋性气候,常年高温潮湿多雨。年平均气温24℃~32℃,日平均气温26.8℃,年平均降水量2345毫米,年平均湿度84.3%。
    历史文化 1959年,新加坡取得自治地位。1963年,新加坡连同当时的马来亚联合邦、砂拉越以及北婆罗洲(现沙巴)共组成立马来西亚联邦,从而完全脱离英国统治。新加坡是世界人口密度第二高的国家,仅次于摩纳哥。新加坡是一个多语言的国家,其官方语言包括英语、马来语、华语以及泰米尔语。新加坡是一个多元民族、多元文化的移民社会,也因此汇集了世界上多种宗教,佛教为新加坡第一大宗教,其他宗教依人口多寡分别为基督教、伊斯兰教、儒教、道教和印度教。
    旅游景点 圣淘沙(马来语:Sentosa),在马来语中意为“宁静”,是很受欢迎的新加坡岛屿和旅游胜地,每年有2百万游客到访。岛的南岸有长度超过2公里的海滩,二战留下的西罗索炮台(Fort Siloso)。
鱼尾狮公园(Merlion Park),是新加坡面积最小的公园。在1972年,前新加坡总理李光耀为鱼尾狮公园剪彩开幕。今天,公园已迁到浮尔顿1号的新家。鱼尾狮公园内设有站台、购物商店和饮食店供游人合照和休息,看台也能变成可容纳200名表演者的舞台,观众坐在阶梯上,就能背靠滨海湾,在星空下欣赏音乐会和精彩的表演。鱼尾狮公园的两尊大小鱼尾狮塑像是已故新加坡著名工匠林浪新先生用混凝土制作的。
 
Country Name: Republic of Singapore
 
Area: 714.3 square kilometers
 
Population: 3,789,000 citizens and permanent residents, the resident population of 5.18 million (2011). Chinese accounted for about 75%, the rest of the Malays, Indians and other races. Malay is the national language, English, Mandarin, Malay, Tamil is the official language, English is the administrative language. The main religions of Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Christianity and Hinduism.
 
Capital: Singapore
 
Profiles: Tropical city-state. Located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, the Strait of Malacca entrances, north across the Straits of Johor and neighboring Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore Strait south across the sea. Singapore Island and 63 smaller islands nearby, including Singapore Island 88.5% of the area. Low-lying, with an average elevation of 15 meters, the highest elevation of 163 meters, 193 km long coastline. A tropical climate, hot and humid and rainy all year round. The annual average temperature is 24 ℃ ~ 32 ℃, the average temperature 26.8 ℃, the average annual precipitation 2345 mm, 84.3% of the annual average humidity.
 
History and Culture: in 1959, Singapore attained self-government status. In 1963, Singapore together with the then Federation of Malaya, Sarawak and North Borneo (now Sabah) of the group founded the Federation of Malaysia, thus completely from British rule. Singapore is the world's second highest population density in the country, second only to Monaco. Singapore is a country of many languages​​, the official languages, including English, Malay, Mandarin and Tamil. Singapore is a multi-ethnic, multicultural immigrant society, and thus brings together a variety of religions, Buddhism is the largest religion in the world in Singapore, according to population size of other religions are Christianity, Islam, Confucianism, Taoism and Hinduism.
 
Tourist attractions: Sentosa (Malay: Sentosa), in Malay means "quiet", is very popular in Singapore and the resort island, there are two million tourists visiting every year. The southern coast has a length over 2 km beach, Fort Siloso World War II left (Fort Siloso).

Merlion Park, is the smallest park in Singapore. In 1972, former Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Kuan Yew, cut the ribbon for the opening of the Merlion Park. Today, the park has been moved to a new home on the 1st of Fullerton. Merlion Park has sites, shopping, photo shops and restaurants for visitors to rest and bleachers can accommodate 200 to become a stage performer, the audience sat on the stairs, you can back Marina Bay, under the stars concerts and brilliant performances. Two-size statue Merlion Park Merlion statue of the late Singapore craftsman Mr. Lin Langxin concrete production.

 

 

 

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