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泰国国家概况

The Kingdom of Thailand

发表时间:2014-02-23    来源:不详    浏览次数:1616
 
    国名 泰王国(The Kingdom of Thailand)。
    面积 513115平方公里。
    人口 6740万。全国共有30多个民族。泰族为主要民族,占人口总数的40%,其余为老挝族、华族、马来族、高棉族,以及苗、瑶、桂、汶、克伦、掸、塞芒、沙盖等山地民族。泰语为国语。94%的民众信仰佛教,马来族信奉伊斯兰教,还有少数民众信仰基督教、天主教、印度教和锡克教。
    首都 曼谷(Bangkok),人口800万。位于中南半岛中南部。与柬埔寨、老挝、缅甸、马来西亚接壤,东南临泰国湾(太平洋),西南濒安达曼海(印度洋)。热带季风气候。全年分为热、雨、凉三季。年均气温27℃。
    资源 主要有钾盐、锡、褐煤、油页岩、天然气,还有锌、铅、钨、铁、锑、铬、重晶石、宝石和石油等。其中钾盐储量4367万吨,居世界第一,锡储量约120万吨,占世界总储量的12%。油页岩储量达187万吨,褐煤储量约20亿吨,天然气储量约16.4万亿立方英尺,石油储量1500万吨。森林总面积1440万公顷,覆盖率25%。
    历史文化 泰国古称暹罗,至少从旧石器时期,大约4万年前,即有人类居住。泰国是世界上的佛教强国之一,大多数泰国人信奉佛教,佛教徒占全国人口95%以上。
    旅游景点 曼谷大皇宫位于曼谷拍那空县,从18世纪到20世纪中叶,曾是暹罗王国的皇宫。也是泰国王室公定的居住地点,在所有的泰国王宫中有着重要的地位。建于拉玛一世统治期间的1782年,当时,传统的木制风格,建立在所谓的“泰屋”。1783年起,大皇宫具体的建筑物由却克里王朝的历代国王所建造,直到现在。
    普吉岛(Phuket Island),泰国南部岛屿,位于泰国南部马来半岛西海岸外的安达曼海(Andaman Sea)。首府普吉镇地处岛的东南部,是一个大港口和商业中心。普吉岛是泰国最大的海岛,也是泰国最小的一个府。以其迷人的风光和丰富的旅游资源被称为“安达曼海上的一颗明珠”。
 
Country Name:  The Kingdom of Thailand
 
Area: 513115 square kilometers
 
Population: 67.4 million. Total of more than 30 nationalities. Thais as the main ethnic groups, accounting for 40% of the total population, the rest of the family in Laos, Chinese, Malay, Khmer, and Miao, Yao, Guangxi, Wen, Karen, Shan, plug Mans, mountainous sand cover, etc. nation. Thai is the national language. 94% of the population believe in Buddhism, Malay Muslim, there are a few people in the Christian faith, Catholicism, Hinduism and Sikhism.
 
Capital: Bangkok, population 8,000,000. Located in the central and southern Indochina. Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Malaysia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast (Pacific), southwest near the Andaman Sea (Indian Ocean). Tropical monsoon climate. Throughout the year is divided into heat, rain, cold quarters. Average annual temperature of 27 ℃.
 
Resources: Mainly potash, tin, lignite, oil shale and natural gas, as well as zinc, lead, tungsten, iron, antimony, chromium, barite, precious stones and oil. Of which 43.67 million tons potash reserves, ranking first in the world tin reserves of about 120 million tons, accounting for 12% of total world reserves. Oil shale reserves of 1.87 million tons, lignite reserves of about 20 million tons, about 16.4 trillion cubic feet of natural gas reserves, oil reserves of 15 million tons. The total area of ​​14.4 million hectares of forest coverage of 25%
 
History and culture: Siam is the ancient name of Thailand , at least from the Paleolithic period, about 40,000 years ago, that human habitation. Thailand is one of the Buddhist world power, most Thais are Buddhist, Buddhists account for more than 95% of the country's population.
 
Tourist attractions: Bangkok Grand Palace in Bangkok to shoot Nakhon County, from the 18th century to the mid-20th century, the palace was once the Kingdom of Siam. Thailand's royal residence Kimisada, has an important role in all Thai palace. Built during the reign of Rama I in 1782, when the traditional wooden style, built on the so-called "Thai house." 1783 onwards, the Grand Palais concrete buildings built by Chakri dynasty of kings, until now.
 
Phuket Island, the southern islands of Thailand, located in the south west coast of the Malay Peninsula, Thailand's Andaman Sea. Phuket Town, the capital, is located in the southeast of the island, is a large port and commercial center. Phuket is Thailand's largest island, Thailand's smallest house. Its stunning scenery and abundant tourism resources is called "Pearl of the Andaman Sea one."
 
 
 
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